引用本文:黄国如,罗海婉,卢鑫祥,等.城市洪涝灾害风险分析与区划方法综述[J].水资源保护,2020,36(6):1-6DOI:10.3880/j.issn.1004-6933.2020.06.001
HUANG Guoru,LUO Haiwan,LU Xinxiang,et al.Study on risk analysis and zoning method of urban flood disaster[J].Water Resources Protection,2020,36(6):1-6.
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城市洪涝灾害风险分析与区划方法综述
黄国如1,2,3, 罗海婉1, 卢鑫祥4, 杨聪辉4, 王峥5, 黄婷5, 马经广5
1.华南理工大学土木与交通学院, 广东 广州 510640;2.华南理工大学亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室, 广东 广州 510640;3.广东省水利工程安全与绿色水利工程技术研究中心, 广东 广州 510640;4.广州市水务规划勘测设计研究院, 广东 广州 510641;5.广东省水文局佛山水文分局, 广东 佛山 528000
摘要:对城市洪涝灾害风险的概念和内涵进行系统梳理,论述历史灾情统计法、遥感和GIS耦合法、指标体系法和情景模拟法等4种洪涝灾害风险分析方法的应用现状、适用范围和优缺点,着重就应用较为广泛的风险评估指标体系法进行论述,介绍指标体系构建和指标权重确定方法;论述了可应用于城市洪涝灾害风险等级区划的相等间隔法、分位数法、均值标准差法、自然间断法和隶属度函数法等方法,旨在为洪涝风险等级区划提供参考。
关键词:  城市洪涝灾害  风险分析  指标体系法  风险区划
DOI:10.3880/j.issn.1004-6933.2020.06.001
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFC1502704);国家自然科学基金(51879108);广州市科技计划(201803030021)
Study on risk analysis and zoning method of urban flood disaster
HUANG Guoru1,2,3, LUO Haiwan1, LU Xinxiang4, YANG Conghui4, WANG Zheng5, HUANG Ting5, MA Jingguang5
1.South China University of Technology, School of Civil Engineering and Transportation, Guangzhou 510640, China;2.South China University of Technology, State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Building Science, Guangzhou 510640, China;3.Guangdong Engineering Technology Research Center of Safety and Greenization for Water Conservancy Project, Guangzhou 510640, China;4.Guangzhou Institute of Water Planning and Survey Design, Guangzhou 510641, China;5.Foshan Branch of Guangdong Provincial Bureau of Hydrology, Foshan 528000, China
Abstract:The concept and connotation of urban flood disaster risk are analyzed systematically, and it is discussed that the application situation, scope of application as well as the advantages and disadvantages of four flood disaster risk analysis methods including historical disaster statistics, remote sensing and GIS coupling, index system method and scenario simulation method. The index system method which is widely used for risk assessment is mainly discussed and the method of index system construction and index weight determination are introduced. The equal interval method, quantile method, mean standard deviation method, natural interruption method and membership function method that can be applied in the urban flood disaster risk level zoning are expounded, providing reference for the flood risk level zoning.
Key words:  urban flood disaster  risk analysis  index system method  risk zoning

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