引用本文:王慧亮,申言霞,李卓成,等.基于能值理论的黄河流域水资源生态经济系统可持续性评价[J].水资源保护,2020,36(6):12-17DOI:10.3880/j.issn.1004-6933.2020.06.003
WANG Huiliang,SHEN Yanxia,LI Zhuocheng,et al.Sustainability assessment of water resources ecological-economic system in the Yellow River Basin based on emergy theory[J].Water Resources Protection,2020,36(6):12-17.
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基于能值理论的黄河流域水资源生态经济系统可持续性评价
王慧亮1,2, 申言霞2, 李卓成2, 王煜3
1.黄河勘测规划设计研究院有限公司博士后科研工作站, 河南 郑州 450003;2.郑州大学水利科学与工程学院, 河南 郑州 450001;3.黄河勘测规划设计研究院有限公司规划研究院, 河南 郑州 450003
摘要:以生态经济学的能值理论为基础,视水资源生态经济系统为有机整体,从系统能值流、经济发展能值、水资源能值和流域可持续发展能值4个方面,构建了包含13个指标的黄河流域水资源生态经济可持续发展评价指标体系,评价了黄河流域沿岸各省区的水资源开发利用状况、经济发展状况及水资源生态经济系统的可持续发展状况。结果表明:黄河流域属于资源消耗型生态经济模式,黄河上游的社会经济发展和现代化程度较黄河下游低;黄河流域水资源能值利用强度与经济发展水平相匹配,但是与水资源对社会经济系统的贡献率不匹配,需要进一步优化水资源配置;黄河流域地区环境压力巨大,可持续发展水平较低,应加大可更新资源的投入,以实现系统的可持续发展。
关键词:  能值理论  水资源生态经济系统  可持续发展  黄河流域
DOI:10.3880/j.issn.1004-6933.2020.06.003
基金项目:“十三五”国家重点研发计划(2017YFC04044404);黄河勘测设计规划研究院有限公司博士后基金(2019BSHZL02)
Sustainability assessment of water resources ecological-economic system in the Yellow River Basin based on emergy theory
WANG Huiliang1,2, SHEN Yanxia2, LI Zhuocheng2, WANG Yu3
1.Postdoctoral Research Station, Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou 450003, China;2.College of Water Science and Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China;3.Planning Institute, Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou 450003, China
Abstract:An evaluation index system of water resources ecological-economic sustainable development in the Yellow River Basin including 13 indexes was established based on Emergy theory in ecological economics with water resources ecological-economic system being seen as an organic whole from four aspects of the system energy flow, economic development energy, water resources energy and sustainable development energy of river basin. The development and utilization of water resources, economic development and sustainable development of water resources ecological-economic system in every province along the Yellow River Basin were evaluated. The results show that the Yellow River Basin belongs to the consumptive ecological-economic model. The socio-economic development and modernization degree of the upper reaches of the Yellow River are lower than those of the lower reaches of the Yellow River. The energy use intensity of water resources in the Yellow River Basin matches the level of economic development while doesnt match the contribution rate of water resources to the social and economic system, which implies that the allocation of water resources should be further optimized. The environmental pressure in the Yellow River Basin is huge and the level of sustainable development is low. It is necessary to increase the investment of renewable resources to realize the sustainable development of the system.
Key words:  emergy theory  water resources ecological-economic system  sustainable development  Yellow River Basin

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