Page 4 - 《水利水电科技进展》2021年第1期
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ዛᦵႬዛટࣷጛ୒ ᧇટ ୒ࣷᧇጛટࣷጛ ዛટᦵ ௴ጛ̵ࣷટ᧣ᒦ᧣ᤩɔ ᧣Þ ۩ዛ௴ጛቴ ቴጛ୒᧣Іቴࣷጛ୒
                                             Ⴌᅳᤀॹ ྽ϓ ટᅳॹ ϓই ȣᐹႥॹ ϓԔᡙ၊ ԣԔԣϓ





                                                  ࣷ᧣ટ௴ጛટ௴୒






            ऊᆍႿ༁ᡷʢࣼዹᡷᔽᆍႿ ᑕႿʛ ʢᔀ஦ᆍʢቝ ᆍ஦ औᑕᡷᔀʢ ዹᆍႿ༁ᔀʢ׹ᑕႿዹᢃ ࣼႿʛᔀʢ੫ʢᑕʛࣼᑕᡷᔀ ቝᑕᢼᆍʢ༁ ஦ᑕዹᔽႿ੫ Ⴟᔀऔ औᑕᡷᔀʢ ዹᆍႿ༁ᔀʢ׹ᑕႿዹᢃ ༁ᔽᡷࣼᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ༁ ᔽႿ
                 Ⴟᔀऔ ᔀʢᑕ᧥ ᡷၤᆍࣼ੫ၤᡷ༁ ᤦᑕ༁ᔀʛ ᆍႿ ᔀႿ੫ᔽႿᔀᔀʢᔽႿ੫ ᔀʛࣼዹᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᑕዹዹʢᔀʛᔽᡷᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ććććććććć  ȣᧇዛટᤩ ̵ᅳႥ੖ʐᐹᅳྉϟ ɯ

            ኏ᔽ׹ᔀʢ ၤᔀᑕ᤟ᡷၤ ᑕ༁༁ᔀ༁༁ቝᔀႿᡷ ቝᆍʛᔀ᤟ ஦ᆍʢ ᣮᔽႿᔽႿ੫ ༁ᔀዹᡷᔽᆍႿ ᔽႿ ቝᑕᔽႿ ༁ᡷʢᔀᑕቝ ᆍ஦ ̀ࣼᑕႿ੫༁ၤࣼᔽ ኏ᔽ׹ᔀʢ
                  ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                   ۩ዛટᤩ ۗᓣႥ੖फࣩᐹႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉँ ɯ
            ୩ᡱᑕᡷᔽᆍᡷᔀቝᡱᆍʢᑕ᤟ ׹ᑕʢᔽᑕᤦᔽ᤟ᔽᡷᢃ ᆍ஦ ׹ᔀ੫ᔀᡷᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ዹᆍ׹ᔀʢ ᑕႿʛ ᔽᡷ༁ ʢᔀ༁ᡱᆍႿ༁ᔀ ᡷᆍ ዹ᤟ᔽቝᑕᡷᔀ ዹၤᑕႿ੫ᔀ ᔽႿ ɟᑕʢ᤟ࣼႿ੫ ԻᑕႿ੫ᤦᆍ ኏ᔽ׹ᔀʢ
                 ାᑕ༁ᔽႿ ćććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                 ̵ዛટ ᣏᔠᐹႥቂᔠႥ੖ᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉϟᤃɯ

            ჆ᑕʢᔽᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᑕႿᑕ᤟ᢃ༁ᔽ༁ ᆍ஦ ʢᆍࣼ੫ၤႿᔀ༁༁ ዹᆍᔀ஦஦ᔽዹᔽᔀႿᡷ ׹ᑕ᤟ࣼᔀ ஦ᆍʢ औᑕᡷᔀʢ ዹᆍႿ׹ᔀᢃᑕႿዹᔀ ዹၤᑕႿႿᔀ᤟༁ ᤦᑕ༁ᔀʛ ᆍႿ ᡱʢᆍᡷᆍᡷᢃᡱᔀ
                 ᆍᤦ༁ᔀʢ׹ᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ  ććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                             Ԯ̵ዛટᤩ ɔࣩ໧၊ᐹႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉ԰࿗ɯ
            ୩ᑕ஦ᔀᡷᢃ ቝᆍႿᔽᡷᆍʢᔽႿ੫ ᔽႿʛᔀ଴ ʛᔀᡷᔀʢቝᔽႿᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ஦ᆍʢ ቝᆍႿᔽᡷᆍʢᔽႿ੫ ᔀ஦஦ᔀዹᡷ ीࣼᑕႿᡷᔽᡷᢃ ᆍ஦ ዹᆍႿዹʢᔀᡷᔀ ʛᑕቝ༁ ᔽႿ ༁ᔀʢ׹ᔽዹᔀ
                  ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                       ᤩІ ̵ᐹᅳᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉሕԡɯ

            ዶᔽʢᤦᆍʢႿᔀ ᓂᔽ᧕ዶ኏ ᡱᆍᔽႿᡷ ዹ᤟ᆍࣼʛ ஦ᔽ᤟ᡷᔀʢᔽႿ੫ ቝᔀᡷၤᆍʛ ஦ᆍʢ ၤᔽ੫ၤ ቝᆍࣼႿᡷᑕᔽႿ ၤᢃʛʢᆍᡱᆍऔᔀʢ ᡱʢᆍᢼᔀዹᡷ༁ ᤦᑕ༁ᔀʛ ᆍႿ ۪ఋ᧕ ᑕႿʛ
                 ቝᆍʛᔽ஦ᔽᔀʛ ༁ࣼʢ஦ᑕዹᔀ ஦ᔽᡷᡷᔽႿ੫  ćććććććććććććććććććććććć                      Ԯ̵І ɔᔠቂᔠႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉሕጢɯ
            ۪ʢᔀᡱᑕʢᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᆍ஦ ዹᆍቝᡱᆍ༁ᔽᡷᔀ ༁᤟ᆍऔ᥋ʢᔀ᤟ᔀᑕ༁ᔀ ੫ᔀ᤟ ᑕ੫ᔀႿᡷ ᑕႿʛ ᔽᡷ༁ ᡱᔀʢ஦ᆍʢቝᑕႿዹᔀ ᆍႿ ᡱၤᆍ༁ᡱၤᆍʢࣼ༁ ʢᔀቝᆍ׹ᑕ᤟ ᑕႿʛ ᆍ଴ᢃ੫ᔀႿ
                 ʢᔀ᤟ᔀᑕ༁ᔀ ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                 ᣏᧇዛ ᦵᓣዞ၊ࣩႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉ࿗ϟɯ

            ᧧Ⴟ׹ᔀʢ༁ᔽᆍႿ ᆍ஦ ༁ᆍᔽ᤟ ቝᆍᔽ༁ᡷࣼʢᔀ ࣼ༁ᔽႿ੫ Ⴟᔀࣼʢᑕ᤟ ႿᔀᡷऔᆍʢҴ ዹᆍႿ༁ᔽʛᔀʢᔽႿ੫ ၤࣼቝᑕႿ ᑕዹᡷᔽ׹ᔽᡷᔽᔀ༁  ććććć  ᦵІዛટ ̵ᐹᅳᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉ࿗ँɯ
            ऊᑕ׹ᔽᡷᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ዹၤᑕʢᑕዹᡷᔀʢᔽ༁ᡷᔽዹ༁ ᆍ஦ ၤᔽ੫ၤ᥋༁ᡱᔀᔀʛ ༁ࣼᤦቝᔀʢ༁ᔽᤦ᤟ᔀ ᑕ଴ᔽᑕ᤟᥋஦᤟ᆍऔ ᡱࣼቝᡱ ᔽႿ ၤᔽ੫ၤ ஦᤟ᆍऔ ዹᆍႿʛᔽᡷᔽᆍႿ
                 ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                     ࣷዛ᧣ ۩ᓣᔠʐᅳႥ੖ᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉጢጢɯ
            શࣼቝᔀʢᔽዹᑕ᤟ ༁ᔽቝࣼ᤟ᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᆍ஦ ၤᢃʛʢᑕࣼ᤟ᔽዹ ᡷʢᑕႿ༁ᔽᔀႿᡷ ᔽႿ ᑕ ᤟ᔀᑕҴᑕ੫ᔀ ᡱᔽᡱᔀ ዹᆍႿ༁ᔽʛᔀʢᔽႿ੫ ࣼႿ༁ᡷᔀᑕʛᢃ ஦ʢᔽዹᡷᔽᆍႿ
                 ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                       ᒦᧇ ɔࣩႥᢝᔠᓣᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉᤃ԰ɯ
            ጶ଴ᡱᔀʢᔽቝᔀႿᡷᑕ᤟ ༁ᡷࣼʛᢃ ᆍႿ ᡷᔀႿ༁ᔽ᤟ᔀ ᡱʢᆍᡱᔀʢᡷᔽᔀ༁ ᆍ஦ ʛᔀ஦ᔀዹᡷᔽ׹ᔀ ᑕႿʛ ʛᑕቝᑕ੫ᔀʛ ੫ᔀᆍቝᔀቝᤦʢᑕႿᔀ༁ ććć  ࣷጛટ ۩ᓣᔠᢝࣩႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉᤃँɯ

            ᥘࣼ᤟ᡷᔽ׹ᑕʢᔽᑕᡷᔀ ႿᆍႿ᤟ᔽႿᔀᑕʢ ʢᔀ੫ʢᔀ༁༁ᔽᆍႿ ቝᆍʛᔀ᤟ ஦ᆍʢ ᤦᔀႿʛᔽႿ੫ ቝᆍቝᔀႿᡷ ᡱʢᔀʛᔽዹᡷᔽᆍႿ ᆍ஦ ༁᤟ࣼᔽዹᔀ ᤦᑕ༁ᔀᤦᆍᑕʢʛ ᆍႿ ༁ᑕႿʛ ੫ʢᑕ׹ᔀ᤟
                 ஦ᆍࣼႿʛᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                               ୒Іટ ୒၊ࣩ၊ࣩᐹᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉᎮ࿗ɯ
            ዶʛ׹ᑕႿዹᔀ༁ ᔽႿ ᔀ଴ᡱᔀʢᔽቝᔀႿᡷᑕ᤟ ʢᔀ༁ᔀᑕʢዹၤ ᆍ஦ ࣼʢᤦᑕႿ ஦᤟ᆍᆍʛᔽႿ੫  ćććććććććććććć          ̵ዛ᧣ ᣏᔠᐹᅳᤀᔠᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉऐԡɯ
            ኏ᔀ༁ᔀᑕʢዹၤ ᡱʢᆍ੫ʢᔀ༁༁ ᆍ஦ ᔽႿዹᔽᡱᔽᔀႿᡷ ዹᑕ׹ᔽᡷᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ Ⴟࣼቝᤦᔀʢ ᑕႿʛ ᔽᡷ༁ ༁ዹᑕ᤟ᔀ ᔀ஦஦ᔀዹᡷ༁ ᔽႿ ၤᢃʛʢᑕࣼ᤟ᔽዹ ༁ᡷʢࣼዹᡷࣼʢᔀ༁
                  ćććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                    Ԯ̵ጛટᤩ ᣏࣩᓣᡥࣩᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉऐᎮɯ



            ୒ᡓᅳႥ໧ᅳʗ᧥ ̀ᆍၤᑕᔽ ВႿᔽ׹ᔀʢ༁ᔽᡷᢃ                        ዛʐʐʗᓣ໧໧᧥ϟ ᣮᔽҴᑕႿ੫ ኏ᆍᑕʛᖔશᑕႿᢼᔽႿ੫ ԰ϟԡԡँऐᖔ۪঎ ኏঎ ऊၤᔽႿᑕ
            ጛʐᔠᡙᅳʗ ᪒ ࣩۗᤇᤀᔠ໧၊ᓣʗ᧥ ጶʛᔽᡷᆍʢᔽᑕ᤟ ାᆍᑕʢʛ ᆍ஦ ዶʛ׹ᑕႿዹᔀ༁ ᔽႿ  ጛ᤬ቂᐹᔠᤀ᧥ ᢼझ݀ ၤၤࣼ঎ ᔀʛࣼ঎ ዹႿ

                 ୩ዹᔽᔀႿዹᔀ ᑕႿʛ ఋᔀዹၤႿᆍ᤟ᆍ੫ᢃ ᆍ஦ ۼᑕᡷᔀʢ ኏ᔀ༁ᆍࣼʢዹᔀ༁ᖔ  ၊ᡙᡙᡓ᧥ᣰ ᣰ ᢼᆍࣼʢ঎ ၤၤࣼ঎ ᔀʛࣼ঎ ዹႿ
                 ̀ᆍၤᑕᔽ ВႿᔽ׹ᔀʢ༁ᔽᡷᢃ                            ᦵᔠ໧ᡙʗᔠᤇࣩᡙᅳʗ᧥ ऊၤᔽႿᑕ ᧧ႿᡷᔀʢႿᑕᡷᔽᆍႿᑕ᤟ ାᆍᆍҴ ఋʢᑕʛᔽႿ੫ ऊᆍʢᡱᆍʢᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ
            ጛʐᔠᡙᅳʗ໧ ᔠႥ ࣷ၊ᔠᓣஏ᧥ ᣮВ ̀ࣼᔽᖔ ᥈В ऊၤᆍႿ੫༁ၤᔽ                       ྉ۪঎ ᨃ঎ ାᆍ଴᧥ሕँँᖔାᔀᔽᢼᔽႿ੫ ϟԡԡԡ࿗ऐᖔ۪঎ ኏঎ ऊၤᔽႿᑕɯ
            ᧇ୒୒ટ ϟԡԡᤃ   Ꭾᤃ࿗Ꭾজ জ ࣷટ ሕ԰   ϟ࿗ሕँ ᣑ ఋ჆            ᧇ໧໧ࣩᓣ ࣷᅳʐᓣ᧥ାᥘ԰Ꭾ࿗ԡজ জ ࣷ᧣ᦵጛટ᧥ ୩୩᣽Ȯዶఋ
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