Page 4 - 《水利水电科技进展》2021年第2期
P. 4

ዛᦵႬዛટࣷጛ୒ ᧇટ ୒ࣷᧇጛટࣷጛ ዛટᦵ ௴ጛ̵ࣷટ᧣ᒦ᧣ᤩɔ ᧣Þ ۩ዛ௴ጛቴ ቴጛ୒᧣Іቴࣷጛ୒
                                             Ⴌᅳᤀॹ ྽ϓ ટᅳॹ ԣই ᤹ᐹʗॹ ϓԔᡙ၊ ԣԔԣϓ





                                                  ࣷ᧣ટ௴ጛટ௴୒





            ᥘࣼ᤟ᡷᔽ᥋ᆍᤦᢼᔀዹᡷᔽ׹ᔀ ᆍᡱᡷᔽቝᔽझᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᆍ஦ ʢᔀ༁ᔀʢ׹ᆍᔽʢ ᆍᡱᔀʢᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ዹၤᑕʢᡷ ᤦᑕ༁ᔀʛ ᆍႿ ᧧۪୩ᨃ᥋᧕۪୩ዶ ćć  ̵Іዛટᤩ ᣏᔠᐹႥஏᓣႥ੖ᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉϟ ɯ

            ᧕ᔀᡷᔀʢቝᔽႿᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᆍ஦ ᔀዹᆍ᤟ᆍ੫ᔽዹᑕ᤟ ஦᤟ᆍऔ ᔽႿ ࣼᡱ༁ᡷʢᔀᑕቝ ᆍ஦ ᧕ᑕʛࣼၤᔀ ኏ᔽ׹ᔀʢ ᤦᑕ༁ᔀʛ ᆍႿ ၤᢃʛʢᑕࣼ᤟ᔽዹ ᑕႿʛ ၤᢃʛʢᆍ᤟ᆍ੫ᔽዹᑕ᤟ ቝᔀᡷၤᆍʛ༁
                  ćććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                       ȣᧇટ ࣷ၊ࣩႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉऐ ɯ
            ዶႿᑕ᤟ᢃ༁ᔽ༁ ᆍ஦ ᔀ׹ᆍ᤟ࣼᡷᔽᆍႿ ቝᔀዹၤᑕႿᔽ༁ቝ ᆍ஦ ዹၤ᤟ᆍʢᔽʛᔀ ቝᑕ༁༁ ዹᆍႿዹᔀႿᡷʢᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᔽႿ ᧕ᆍႿ੫ᡱᔽႿ੫ ᓂᑕҴᔀ ᑕႿʛ ᡱʢᔀ׹ᔀႿᡷᔽ׹ᔀ ቝᔀᑕ༁ࣼʢᔀ༁
                  ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                     ۩І ࣷ၊ᓣႥ၊ࣩᔠᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉϟጢɯ

            è᤟ᆍऔ ዹၤᑕʢᑕዹᡷᔀʢᔽ༁ᡷᔽዹ༁ ᆍ஦ ༁ᔀʢᔽᑕ᤟ ༁ᔽʛᔀ औᔀᔽʢ༁ औᔽᡷၤ ࣼႿᔽ᤟ᑕᡷᔀʢᑕ᤟ ஦᤟ᆍऔ ᔽႿ ᑕ औᑕᡷᔀʢ ʛᔽ༁ᡷʢᔽᤦࣼᡷᔽᆍႿ औᔀ᤟᤟
                  ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                     Ԯ̵ዛટᤩ ɔᐹႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉ԰ሕɯ

            ᧕ᑕቝ᥋ᤦʢᔀᑕҴ ʢᔽ༁Ҵ ᑕႿʛ ᔀቝᔀʢ੫ᔀႿዹᢃ ᡱ᤟ᑕႿ ᆍ஦ ᑕ ʢᆍዹҴ஦ᔽ᤟᤟ ʛᑕቝ ࣼႿʛᔀʢ ᔀ଴ᡷʢᔀቝᔀ ዹᆍႿʛᔽᡷᔽᆍႿ༁  ćć  Ԯ̵ዛટᤩ ᤩࣩᔠᢝᔠႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉ԰ऐɯ
            ኏ᔀ༁ᡱᆍႿ༁ᔀ ᑕႿᑕ᤟ᢃ༁ᔽ༁ ᑕႿʛ ᡱʢᆍᡱᑕ੫ᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᤟ᑕऔ ᆍ஦ ༁ᔽᡷᔀ ׹ᔽᤦʢᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᔽႿʛࣼዹᔀʛ ᤦᢃ ၤᔽ੫ၤ ʛᑕቝ ஦᤟ᆍᆍʛ ʛᔽ༁ዹၤᑕʢ੫ᔀ
                 ćććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                      ᣏІ Ԯ၊ᔠँᓣႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉሕᤃɯ
            ጶ଴ᡱᔀʢᔽቝᔀႿᡷ༁ ᆍ஦ ༁ᔀᔀᡱᑕ੫ᔀ ᔀʢᆍ༁ᔽᆍႿ ᔽႿ஦᤟ࣼᔀႿዹᔀ ᆍႿ ༁ၤᔀᑕʢ ዹၤᑕʢᑕዹᡷᔀʢᔽ༁ᡷᔽዹ༁ ᆍ஦ ʢᆍዹҴ ஦ʢᑕዹᡷࣼʢᔀ
                  ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                   ୒̵ጛટᤩ ȣᔠႥዞ၊ᐹႥ੖ᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉ࿗԰ɯ

            ऊࣼቝࣼ᤟ᑕᡷᔽ׹ᔀ ᔽႿ஦᤟ࣼᔀႿዹᔀ ᆍ஦ ᤦʢᔽʛ੫ᔀ ᑕႿʛ औၤᑕʢ஦ ᔀႿ੫ᔽႿᔀᔀʢᔽႿ੫ ੫ʢᆍࣼᡱ༁ ᆍႿ ஦᤟ᆍᆍʛ ᡱʢᆍᡱᑕ੫ᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᔽႿ ᡷᔽʛᑕ᤟ ʢᔽ׹ᔀʢ༁
                 ćććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                       ̵ࣷጛટ ȣࣩႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉ࿗ँɯ

            ୩ᔽቝࣼ᤟ᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᆍ஦ ᑕ ʛʢᆍᡱ᤟ᔀᡷ ᔽቝᡱᑕዹᡷᔽႿ੫ ᆍႿ ᑕ ቝᆍ׹ᔽႿ੫ ᤟ᔽीࣼᔽʛ ஦ᔽ᤟ቝ औᔽᡷၤ ᤟ᑕᡷᡷᔽዹᔀ ାᆍ᤟ᡷझቝᑕႿႿ ቝᔀᡷၤᆍʛ
                 ćććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                       ɔІዛટ ̵ᐹᅳᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉጢᎮɯ
            શࣼቝᔀʢᔽዹᑕ᤟ ༁ᔽቝࣼ᤟ᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᆍႿ ၤᢃʛʢᆍʛᢃႿᑕቝᔽዹ ᡱᔀʢ஦ᆍʢቝᑕႿዹᔀ ᆍ஦ ᤦᑕ஦஦᤟ᔀ ᡷᢃᡱᔀ ᤦʢᔀᑕҴऔᑕᡷᔀʢ ᤦᑕ༁ᔀʛ ᆍႿ ᨃᡱᔀႿèᨃዶᥘ
                 ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                     ۩ዛટᤩ ᤩࣩᅳᡥࣩᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉᤃሕɯ
            ୩ᡷᑕᤦᔽ᤟ᔽᡷᢃ ᑕႿᑕ᤟ᢃ༁ᔽ༁ ᆍ஦ ஦ʢᑕቝᔀ ༁ᔀᑕऔᑕ᤟᤟ ᤦᑕ༁ᔀʛ ᆍႿ ༁ᡷʢᔀႿ੫ᡷၤ ʢᔀʛࣼዹᡷᔽᆍႿ ቝᔀᡷၤᆍʛ ćććććć  Ԯ̵ጛટᤩ ዛႥଝᔠႥ੖ᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉᎮԡɯ

            ఋᔀቝᡱᔀʢᑕᡷࣼʢᔀ ʢᔽ༁ᔀ ቝᆍʛᔀ᤟ ஦ᆍʢ ᡱࣼቝᡱᔀʛ ዹᆍႿዹʢᔀᡷᔀ ᤦᑕ༁ᔀʛ ᆍႿ ၤᢃʛʢᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ʛᔀ੫ʢᔀᔀ ᑕႿʛ ᡱᑕʢᑕቝᔀᡷᔀʢ ᔽႿ׹ᔀʢ༁ᔽᆍႿ
                  ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                     ̵ࣷጛટᤩ ȣᔠႥ੖ᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉᎮጢɯ

            ዶ ஦᤟ᑕ༁ၤᤦᆍᑕʢʛ ༁ᡱࣼʢ ʛᔽҴᔀ औᔽᡷၤ ዹᆍႿ༁ᆍ᤟ᔽʛᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᡱᔽ᤟ᔀ ᑕႿʛ ᔽᡷ༁ ᑕႿᡷᔽ᥋ᆍ׹ᔀʢᡷࣼʢႿᔽႿ੫ ᑕᤦᔽ᤟ᔽᡷᢃ ćććć  ᒦᧇዛ᧣ ɔᔠҧᐹႥ੖ᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉऐ԰ɯ
            ጶ଴ᡱᔀʢᔽቝᔀႿᡷ༁ ᆍႿ ༁ᡷᑕᤦᔽ᤟ᔽझᔽႿ੫ ᡷʢᔀᑕᡷቝᔀႿᡷ ᆍ஦ ᡱᆍ᤟᤟ࣼᡷᔀʛ ༁ᔽ᤟ᡷ ༁ᆍ᤟ᔽʛᔽ஦ᔽዹᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ ᑕႿʛ ᡱ᤟ᑕႿᡷᔽႿ੫ ᡱᔀʢ஦ᆍʢቝᑕႿዹᔀ
                  ććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććććć                                      ୒̵ᧇ ɔᐹႥႥᐹႥᖔ ᓣᡙ ᐹᤀྉऐँɯ



            ୒ᡓᅳႥ໧ᅳʗ᧥ ̀ᆍၤᑕᔽ ВႿᔽ׹ᔀʢ༁ᔽᡷᢃ                        ዛʐʐʗᓣ໧໧᧥ϟ ᣮᔽҴᑕႿ੫ ኏ᆍᑕʛᖔશᑕႿᢼᔽႿ੫ ԰ϟԡԡँऐᖔ۪঎ ኏঎ ऊၤᔽႿᑕ
            ጛʐᔠᡙᅳʗ ᪒ ࣩۗᤇᤀᔠ໧၊ᓣʗ᧥ ጶʛᔽᡷᆍʢᔽᑕ᤟ ାᆍᑕʢʛ ᆍ஦ ዶʛ׹ᑕႿዹᔀ༁ ᔽႿ  ጛ᤬ቂᐹᔠᤀ᧥ ᢼझ݀ ၤၤࣼ঎ ᔀʛࣼ঎ ዹႿ

                 ୩ዹᔽᔀႿዹᔀ ᑕႿʛ ఋᔀዹၤႿᆍ᤟ᆍ੫ᢃ ᆍ஦ ۼᑕᡷᔀʢ ኏ᔀ༁ᆍࣼʢዹᔀ༁ᖔ  ၊ᡙᡙᡓ᧥ᣰ ᣰ ᢼᆍࣼʢ঎ ၤၤࣼ঎ ᔀʛࣼ঎ ዹႿ
                 ̀ᆍၤᑕᔽ ВႿᔽ׹ᔀʢ༁ᔽᡷᢃ                            ᦵᔠ໧ᡙʗᔠᤇࣩᡙᅳʗ᧥ ऊၤᔽႿᑕ ᧧ႿᡷᔀʢႿᑕᡷᔽᆍႿᑕ᤟ ାᆍᆍҴ ఋʢᑕʛᔽႿ੫ ऊᆍʢᡱᆍʢᑕᡷᔽᆍႿ
            ጛʐᔠᡙᅳʗ໧ ᔠႥ ࣷ၊ᔠᓣஏ᧥ ᣮВ ̀ࣼᔽᖔ ᥈В ऊၤᆍႿ੫༁ၤᔽ                       ྉ۪঎ ᨃ঎ ାᆍ଴᧥ሕँँᖔାᔀᔽᢼᔽႿ੫ ϟԡԡԡ࿗ऐᖔ۪঎ ኏঎ ऊၤᔽႿᑕɯ

            ᧇ୒୒ટ ϟԡԡᤃ   Ꭾᤃ࿗Ꭾজ জ ࣷટ ሕ԰   ϟ࿗ሕँ ᣑ ఋ჆            ᧇ໧໧ࣩᓣ ࣷᅳʐᓣ᧥ାᥘ԰Ꭾ࿗ԡজ জ ࣷ᧣ᦵጛટ᧥ ୩୩᣽Ȯዶఋ
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