太湖污染中居民的环境感知与行动分析
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C919;X1-05

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教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(15YJA840011)


An Analysis of Residents' Environment Awareness and Social Actions Concerning Pollution of Taihu Lake
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    摘要:

    按照韦伯的社会行动理想类型,根据行动者动机的不同把社会行动分为传统行动、情感行动、目的理性行动和价值理性行动4 种类型。通过考察居民对太湖环境及水质变化的认识、太湖污染对当地居民的生产生活的影响以及居民的环境保护参与度等3 个方面的感知,具体分析了在太湖污染形成与治理过程中居民的社会行动:日常生活中居民的传统行动和追求农业“高产”的目的理性行动,集体无意识地造成了太湖内生污染;在企业发展过程中居民态度由初期迎合到后期抵制,体现了居民“赚钱”目的理性和“健康”目的理性相互交织的行动逻辑;在政府太湖环境治理过程中居民表现为集体沉默与被动服从,这是居民对政府依赖、无奈等情感行动的体现。

    Abstract:

    According to Weber's ideal hype of social actions and different actors motivation,social actions are divided into four types including.traditional action,emotional action,purpose rationality action and value rationality action. The paper quantitatively investigates residents' environment awareness including the change of wader qualify of Taihu Lake,pollution impact on local residents' production and living, and residents' participation in environmental projection and so on. Then,according to the investigation,it concretely analyzes residents' social actions in he process of pollution formation and governance. Residents' traditional action in daily life and the purpose rationality action in the pursuit of agricultu re“high yield” collectively and unconsciously cause the endogenous pollution in Taihu Lake. The residents' atitude changing from initial capering to layer resistance in the process of enterprises' development indicates the interweaving of residents'“earning money”purpose rationality action and “heath" purpose rationality action. Residents' performance indicates collective silence and passive obedience in the process of the governmental environmental management,showing residents' emotional actions' of being helpless and dependent on government.

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马道明.太湖污染中居民的环境感知与行动分析[J].河海大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2015,17(6):30-35.(. An Analysis of Residents' Environment Awareness and Social Actions Concerning Pollution of Taihu Lake[J]. Journal of Hohai University (Philosophy and Socail Sciences),2015,17(6):30-35.(in Chinese))

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  • 在线发布日期: 2016-04-05
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