河流工程场景构建:马克思“两条道路”理论的实践阐释
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国家社会科学基金一般项目(17BZX035)


Construction of River Engineering Scene: Practical Explanation of Marx’s “two roads” Theory
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    摘要:

    马克思认为人的思维、认识有“完整的表象蒸发为抽象的规定”与“从抽象的规定在思维形成中导致了具体的再现”两条紧密联系的道路。河流工程主体从现实的、感性的具体出发,围绕“场景”这一核心要素,在思想场域根据工程功能的需求而萌发原始构思,形成工程产品交互设计阶段的目标场景;对构思中的河流工程进行评估、优化及场景验证,提升工程设计的合理性,在物质空间建构河流工程物;而后通往理性的抽象,直至理性的具体的再现,确定整体工程设计方案,在观念和抽象层面构思工程实际应用场景。从思想场域、物质空间、场景应用中展开叙事,马克思主义的辩证思维在河流工程场景建构中得以拓展。河流工程场景的发生及其应用,其地域性与情境性决定着工程的不可还原。诸多场景的重叠耦合,模糊了工程主客体的界限,延伸出适应新的社会场景的新行为。驱动着人们以“一种超越于一般的规则应用的能力”的“实践智慧”去智慧地实践,形成“工程共同体内部治理”的普遍的行为准则,使一种切实可行的实践性伦理规范有效地融入河流工程构思、设计、建造与运行全过程。 

    Abstract:

    Marx believes that there are two closely related ways in human thinking and understanding, namely, the complete representation evaporated into abstract provisions and the concrete reproduction resulting from abstract provisions in the formation of thinking. The main body of river engineering starts from the reality and sensibility, around the core element of “scene”, germinates the original idea in the thought field according to the needs of the engineering function, and forms the target scene of the interactive design stage of the engineering product. It evaluates, optimizes and verifies the river engineering in the idea, improves the rationality of the engineering design, and constructs the river engineering in the material space. Then it leads to the rational abstraction, until the concrete reappearance of rationality, determines the overall engineering design scheme, and conceives the engineering practical application scene at the conceptual and abstract level. From the field of thought, material space and scene application, the dialectical thinking of Marxism can be expanded in the construction of river engineering scene. The occurrence and application of river engineering scene, its regional and situational characteristics determine the irreducibility of the project. The overlapping and coupling of many scenes blurs the boundaries of the subject and object of the project, and extends the new behavior to adapt to the new social scene. It drives people to practice intelligently with “practical wisdom” that is “beyond the ability to apply general rules”, forms a general code of conduct for “internal governance of engineering community”, and effectively integrates a practical ethical code into the whole process of river engineering conception, design, construction and operation.

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李映红,周慧敏.河流工程场景构建:马克思“两条道路”理论的实践阐释[J].河海大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2019,21(6):39-44.(LI Yinghong, et al. Construction of River Engineering Scene: Practical Explanation of Marx’s “two roads” Theory[J]. Journal of Hohai University (Philosophy and Socail Sciences),2019,21(6):39-44.(in Chinese))

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-01-05
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