跨流域调水生态补偿研究进展与关键技术
作者:
作者单位:

(1.中国水利水电科学研究院流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室,北京 100038;2.张家口市水务局,河北 张家口 075000)

作者简介:

许凤冉(1981—),男,教授级高级工程师,博士,主要从事流域水资源管理与保护研究。E-mail:xufr@iwhr.com

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中图分类号:

F407.9

基金项目:

第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究资助项目(2019QZKK0207);青海省基础研究计划(2021-ZJ-759);水利部三峡后续工作项目(HY110161A0012022)


Research progress and key technologies of ecological compensation for inter-basin water diversion
Author:
Affiliation:

(1. State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China;2. Water Resources Bureau of Zhangjiakou, Zhangjiakou 075000,China)

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    摘要:

    系统梳理了跨流域调水生态补偿研究成果,分析了跨流域调水生态补偿与流域内生态补偿的不同特点,包括调水工程对水源流域和受水区的影响、水源流域上下游与受水区的补偿关系、调水给水源流域下游带来的损失等。调水生态补偿标准测算方法多源于流域生态补偿标准测算方法,包括成本与机会损失法、支付意愿法、价值损失法、生态足迹法等,考虑受水区用水量、水资源价值、支付意愿等因素对补偿量进行分担。由于调水对水源流域和受水区影响的复杂性,且调水工程布局向网络化发展,提出需要研究解决的关键技术:一是调水对水源流域和受水区水资源与生态环境影响的定量评价技术;二是调水给水源流域上下游带来成本与损失的测算方法;三是调水给受水区带来的经济社会和生态效益测算方法;四是系统考虑水源流域上游保护成本和下游损失及受水区效益,构建调水补偿关系和标准测算模型;五是对于网络化调水格局下补偿主体与对象的复杂关系,研发适用的补偿原理和标准测算技术。

    Abstract:

    This paper systematically reviews the research progress on ecological compensation for water diversion. Compared with the ecological compensation within the basin, the ecological compensation for inter-basin water diversion has different characteristics, including the impact of water diversion project on water source basin and water receiving regions, compensation relationship between upstream and downstream areas of water source basin and water receiving regions, and the loss in the lower reaches of the water source basin. The calculation methods for ecological compensation standard for cross basin water diversion evolve from the methods for inner basin compensation, including methods based on cost and opportunity loss, willingness to pay, resource value loss, and ecological footprint. The compensation volume was distributed according to the water quantity, benefits received by different regions, and their willingness to pay. Because of the complicity in the impact of water diversion on the water source basin and receiving regions, as well as the networked water diversion structure, key technologies for further studies were proposed. The first is the quantitative assessment of impact of water diversion on the water source basin and receiving regions. The second is the holistic estimation of cost and loss in the water source basin caused by water diversion. The third is the evaluation of economic, social, and ecological benefits brought to the water receiving regions. The fourth is construction of compensation relationships and calculation models for compensation standard, based on the estimation of cost, opportunity loss, and benefits. The last is the principle and calculation technology of compensation standard available for the complex compensation relationships under the networked water diversion structure.

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许凤冉,阮本清,张春玲,等.跨流域调水生态补偿研究进展与关键技术[J].水利经济,2022,40(4):34-40XU Fengran, RUAN Benqing, ZHANG Chunling, et al.(Research progress and key technologies of ecological compensation for inter-basin water diversion[J]. Journal of Economics of Water Resources,2022,40(4):34-40.(in Chinese))

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  • 收稿日期:2021-05-07
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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-07-26
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