跨流域调水工程移民社会适应困境及脱困路径
作者:
作者单位:

(1.河海大学公共管理学院,江苏 南京 211100;2.河海大学中国移民研究中心,江苏 南京 211100)

作者简介:

施国庆(1959—),男,教授,硕士,主要从事移民社会学和工程社会学研究。E-mail:gshi@vip.126.com

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中图分类号:

D632.4;TV68

基金项目:

国家社会科学基金(21&ZD183)


Study on the social adaptability of resettlement in water diversion project
Author:
Affiliation:

(1.School of Public Administration, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China;2.Chinese Immigration Research Center, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China)

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    摘要:

    移民作为大型跨流域调水工程的重要利益相关者,在从原所在村落迁入新址和被征地后生计恢复的过程中,容易出现社会不适问题。针对这一问题,以Y工程二标段H市为例,基于半结构式访谈收集相关资料,分析Y工程移民的经济生活、社会生活等社会适应困境。研究表明,移民社会适应不良会导致经济水平下降、社会网络破坏、工程推进困难和地方治理无效等社会经济系统风险。基于此,提出帮助移民转变思想观念、重建社会网络、完善监督制度、建立互助机制等风险减缓措施,以促进移民、业主与地方政府的协同发展,解决移民社会不适问题,促进调水工程顺利实施。

    Abstract:

    As an important stakeholder of large-scale cross-basin water diversion projects, migrants are prone to social discomfort in the process of moving from the original village and livelihood recovery after land is expropriated. Taking city H, the second section of project Y, as an example, we collected data based on semi-structured interviews and analyzed the economic life and social life difficulties of the immigrants of project Y. The study found that poor social adaptation leads to social and economic system risks such as declining economic level, social network destruction, difficulties in promoting projects, and ineffective local governance. Based on this, it is proposed to help immigrants to change their ideas and rebuild social networks, improve supervision related supporting system, and establish a mutual assistance mechanism, so as to promote the coordinated development of immigrants, owners and local governments, solve the social discomfort of immigrants, and promote the smooth implementation of water diversion projects.

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引用本文

施国庆,伍波,孙中艮,等.跨流域调水工程移民社会适应困境及脱困路径[J].水利经济,2022,40(4):74-78SHI Guoqing, WU Bo, SUN Zhonggen, et al.(Study on the social adaptability of resettlement in water diversion project[J]. Journal of Economics of Water Resources,2022,40(4):74-78.(in Chinese))

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  • 收稿日期:2022-03-27
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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-07-26
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