农业现代化背景下农业水权市场发展的逻辑、困境与路径
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作者单位:

(1.河北经贸大学京津冀协同发展河北省协同创新中心,河北 石家庄 050061;2.河北经贸大学艺术学院,河北 石家庄 050061;3.中国社会科学院农村发展研究所,北京100732 )

作者简介:

孙天合(1987—),男,副研究员,博士,主要从事水权制度与水价政策研究。E-mail:sunth.13b@igsnrr.ac.cn

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中图分类号:

F323.21

基金项目:

教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(19YJC790118);河北省高等学校人文社会科学研究项目青年拔尖项目(BJ2020075);河北省“三三三人才工程”项目(C20221155)


Logic,dilemmas and paths of agricultural water rights market development in context of agricultural modernization
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(1.Hebei Coordinated Innovation Center for BTH Coordinated Development, Hebei University of Economics and Business, Shijiazhuang 050061, China; 2.College of Art,Hebei University of Economics and Business, Shijiazhuang 050061, China; 3.Rural Development Institute, Chinese Academy of Social Science, Beijing 100732, China)

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    摘要:

    针对我国农业水权交易高频、小量、低价、主体多元、模式繁杂等特点导致的发展农业水权市场困难与潜力同在,以及基层初始水权模糊、交易模式盲从、政府与灌溉主体角色倒置等因素增加了农业水权市场交易费用等问题,基于中国水权交易所平台2017—2022年5 612单灌溉用水户水权交易数据和试点县访谈结果,分析了农业现代化背景下水权市场发展的逻辑、困境与路径。结果表明:农业水权交易可以通过提高生产要素、产业结构、生产方式和管理的现代化助力农业现代化的实现;提出应根据区域水资源禀赋建立适合的农业初始水权确权制度体系和交易模式甄别机制,并大力探索中国特色的“市场调节+政府干预”交易机制。

    Abstract:

    Pointing at the characteristics of high-frequency, small-volume,low-priced, multi-principal, and complicated modes of agricultural water rights transactions in China, and the initial water rights at the grassroots level are ambiguous, the transaction mode selection is blind, and the roles of the government and the irrigation subject are inverted, all of which increase the transaction costs of China’s agricultural water rights market. Based on the water rights trading data of 5 612 single irrigation water users from 2017-2022 on the platform of China Water Rights Exchange and interviews with the pilot counties, this paper further analyzes the dilemma of lagging development of China’s current agricultural water rights market and the policy focus point on the basis of sorting out the role of agricultural water rights trading on the basis of the path of advancing the modernization of agriculture. We finds that agricultural water rights trading can help agricultural modernization by improving the modernization of industrial factors, industrial structure, production mode and management. Based on this, this paper proposes to establish a local system for determining the initial agricultural water right and a screening mechanism for the transaction mode according to the regional water resource endowment and water use characteristics, and vigorously explore the “market adjustment+government intervention” agricultural water right transaction mechanism with Chinese characteristics.

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引用本文

孙天合,张晓东,陆星宇,等.农业现代化背景下农业水权市场发展的逻辑、困境与路径[J].水利经济,2024,42(3):52-59.(SUN Tianhe, ZHANG Xiaodong, LU Xingyu, et al. Logic, dilemmas and paths of agricultural water rights market development in context of agricultural modernization[J]. Journal of Economics of Water Resources,2024,42(3):52-59.(in Chinese))

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  • 收稿日期:2023-11-30
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  • 在线发布日期: 2024-06-06
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