In this paper, the evolution characteristics of eco-environment of rivers and lakes in the Yellow River Basin are evaluated, and the existing problems are analyzed. Then, the goal and pattern for the eco-environment recovery of rivers and lakes in the Yellow River Basin are discussed. It is found that the eco-environmental system of the Yellow River Basin is changing from disordered development to orderly development. The main problems of eco-environment recovery are as follows: fragile river and lake eco-environment, regional groundwater overexploitation, water and soil erosion in the river basin. In view of those problems, it is concluded that strengthening river and lake supervision, improving the function of river ecological corridors, implementing groundwater over-exploitation control and supervision, and enhancing the comprehensive control of soil and water erosion on the Loess Plateau are the main ways for the overall eco-environment recovery of rivers and lakes in the Yellow River Basin.
张金良.黄河流域河湖生态环境复苏研究[J].水资源保护,2022,38(1):141-146.(ZHANG Jinliang. Eco-environment recovery of rivers and lakes in the Yellow River Basin[J]. Water Resources Protection,2022,38(1):141-146.(in Chinese))复制