(1.长沙理工大学水利与环境工程学院,湖南 长沙410114;2.水沙科学与水灾害防治湖南省重点实验室,湖南 长沙410114;3.长沙理工大学交通运输工程学院,湖南 长沙410114 )
(1.School of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China;2.Key Laboratory of Water-Sediment Sciences and Water Disaster Prevention of Hunan Province, Changsha 410114, China;3.School of Traffic & Transportation Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China)
To reveal the influence of delayed-peak rainfall infiltration on ultimate bearing capacity of an unsaturated foundation rapidly, the following research work was carried out. The Gardner’s permeability coefficient function and the soil-water characteristic curve model were introduced to simplify the Richards unsaturated seepage control equation, and the Laplace transform was adopted to derive the transient analytical solution of matrix suction for foundation under delayed-peak rainfall infiltration with rain intensity, which was verified with the finite element numerical simulation results. Based on the theory of shear strength for unsaturated soil and the transient analytical solution of matrix suction, the expression of transient ultimate bearing capacity for foundation was obtained under delayed-peak rainfall infiltration. The mapping relationship between the ultimate bearing capacity and the initial rain intensity, the rain intensity variation coefficient, and the rainfall duration was established. With the analytic solution of the ultimate bearing capacity, the evolution characteristics of the bearing capacity for foundation were studied during the delayed-peak rainfall, and the effects of the initial rain intensity and the rain intensity coefficient on the ultimate bearing capacity for foundation were analyzed. The results show that during delayed-peak rainfall infiltration, the ultimate bearing capacity decreases gradually with a nonlinear velocity from low to high, which is different from the near linear reduction when encountering uniform rainfall. When the rain intensity coefficient is constant, ultimate bearing capacity for foundation decreases faster with the greater initial rain intensity. When the initial rain intensity is constant, the ultimate bearing capacity for foundation decreases faster with greater rain intensity variation coefficient.
秦卫星,邓传雄,胡惠仁,等.后峰型降雨条件下地基瞬态极限承载力解析解[J].水利水电科技进展,2023,43(2):33-38.(QIN Weixing, DENG Chuanxiong, HU Huiren, et al. Analytical solution of transient ultimate bearing capacity for foundation under delayed-peak pattern rainfall infiltration[J]. Advances in Science and Technology of Water Resources,2023,43(2):33-38.(in Chinese))复制