(南京邮电大学社会与人口学院,江苏 南京210046 )
(School of Sociology and Population, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046, China)
Relocation, an important means of targeted poverty alleviation, aims to implement resettlement in a planned way through administrative means and solve the dilemma of “the region cannot support its people”. However, due to their health, educational level, language ability, livelihood mode and income level, the relocated elderly immigrants face varieties of challenges in the relocation site. In a post-rural society characterized by marketization and new urbanization, the relocated elderly immigrants not only face social adaptation and integration into their new homes, but also the changes in their livelihoods, intergenerational support, and pension models. The frequent population movement and going upstairs lead to the serious hollowing out of immigrant communities. As such, they are separated from the land and intergenerational support and turn to the old-age strategy that pursues self-protection and social support. Meanwhile, the coreization of the family structure makes the pension space evolve and expand gradually from families to selves, from families to communities, and from communities to society. It is therefore necessary to improve the self-care ability of the elderly immigrants, create communities with intergenerational harmony, improve the policies in support of the elderly, actively promote mutual assistance and social services, and secure the elderly immigrants’ pension security and social integration.
郑娜娜.空间变革下的生计策略与养老保障 ——基于易地搬迁老年移民养老方式的考察[J].河海大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2022,24(4):116-124.(ZHENG Nana. Livelihood Strategies and Pension Security in Transition in China: A Case Study of Elderly Immigrant Care[J]. Journal of Hohai University (Philosophy and Socail Sciences),2022,24(4):116-124.(in Chinese))复制